Import CSV Files to Excel, PDF, DataGridView in C#

Files with the .csv extension are very similar to plain text files. CSV files are commonly used to transfer data from one database or spreadsheet format to another. This post gives examples of how to import data from CSV files into Excel worksheet, PDF form and DataGridView, by using .NET Excel component with C#.

CVS to Excel

//create a Workbook object
Workbook wb = new Workbook();

//load sample csv file

//save as excel file
wb.SaveToFile("toExcel.xlsx", ExcelVersion.Version2013);



//create a Workbook object
Workbook wb = new Workbook();

//load sample csv file

//render content of a worksheet into a single PDF page
wb.ConverterSetting.SheetFitToPage = true;

//autofit a column if the characters in the column exceed column width
Worksheet sheet = wb.Worksheets[0];
for (int i = 1; i < sheet.Columns.Length; i++)

//save to PDF file


CVS to DataGridView

private void btnImport_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    //create a OpenFileDialog instance
    OpenFileDialog dialog = new OpenFileDialog();
    //set filter
    dialog.Filter = "CSV document(*.csv)|*.csv";

    //show dialog
    DialogResult result = dialog.ShowDialog();
    if (result == DialogResult.OK)
        //get cvs file name
        string csvFile = dialog.FileName;

        //load csv to Wordbook instance
        Workbook wb = new Workbook();

        //export to datatable
        System.Data.DataTable datatable = wb.Worksheets[0].ExportDataTable();

        //display data in datagridview
        this.dataGridView1.DataSource = datatable;



Adding Shapes to Word in C#


Shapes are drawing elements, such as rectangles, circles, polygons, and lines. A shape can be filled and/or outlined. Multiple shapes can be grouped so that you can move, resize or arrange them together, as though they were a single shape or object. This tip gives you examples of how to create and customize shape and shape group using .NET Word API with C#.


This library offers a ShapeObject class and a ShapeGroup class to work with a single shape and a shape group respectively. A shape group consists of at least 2 single shapes. Both shape and shape group are attached to an anchoring paragraph. You can call AppendShape() and AppendShapeGroup() method of Paragraph class to add them to the specified paragraph. The following sections will dive into the details about how to:

  • insert, position and format shape
  • reorder the overlapping shapes
  • create multiple shapes and group them together

Using the code

Part I. Insert a shape

Following code snippet adds a 5-pointed star (predefined in ShapeType enumeration) at the specified position in Word document, and sets the fill color, line style, line weight and line color as well.

//initialize an instance of Document class
Document doc = new Document();

//add section, add a paragraph to section
Section section = doc.AddSection();
Paragraph paragraph = section.AddParagraph();

//append a shape (5-pointed star) to paragraph
ShapeObject shape = paragraph.AppendShape(80, 80, ShapeType.Star);

//set the relative position to page margin
shape.VerticalOrigin = VerticalOrigin.Margin;
shape.HorizontalOrigin = HorizontalOrigin.Margin;
shape.VerticalPosition = 50;
shape.HorizontalPosition = 0;

//set the line style of shape
shape.LineStyle = ShapeLineStyle.Triple;

//set the weight and color of outline
shape.StrokeWeight = 5;
shape.StrokeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Purple;

//set the fill color of shape
shape.FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.Yellow;

//save to file
doc.SaveToFile("output.docx", FileFormat.Docx2013);


Part II. Change the order of overlapping shapes

Sometimes, you may need to stack a few shapes on top of each other and control the order in which they appear in the stack. Just like in MS Word, the newly created shape always comes in front of the previous one. To change the order of overlapping shapes, set the ZOrder property of shape object.

//initialize an instance of Document class
Document doc = new Document();
//add section, add a paragraph to section
Section section = doc.AddSection();
Paragraph paragraph = section.AddParagraph();

//append one shape to paragraph
ShapeObject shape1 = paragraph.AppendShape(60, 60, ShapeType.Rectangle);
shape1.VerticalPosition = 0;
shape1.HorizontalPosition = 0;
shape1.FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.Blue;

//append another shape to paragraph
ShapeObject shape2 = paragraph.AppendShape(80, 80, ShapeType.Ellipse);
shape2.VerticalPosition = 30;
shape2.HorizontalPosition = 30;
shape2.FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.Green;

//change the order of the shapes by assigning different values to ZOrder
shape1.ZOrder = 2;
shape2.ZOrder = 1;

//save to file
doc.SaveToFile("output.docx", FileFormat.Docx2013);


Part III. Group your shapes

Shape group itself is a square box with no actual meaning. After appending a group object to the specified paragraph, you need to create more shapes and add them to group for forming a grouped shape. In this instance, three textboxes and two line shapes has been grouped as one unit.

//initialize a Document class
Document doc = new Document();

//add section, add a paragraph to section
Section section = doc.AddSection();
Paragraph paragraph = section.AddParagraph();

//create an instance of ShapeGroup class
ShapeGroup group = paragraph.AppendShapeGroup(500, 100);
group.VerticalPosition = 50;

//create three TextBox instances and set the content and formatting separately
TextBox textbox1 = new TextBox(doc);
textbox1.Body.AddParagraph().AppendText("Visual C#");
textbox1.Body.Paragraphs[0].Format.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
textbox1.Format.TextAnchor = ShapeVerticalAlignment.Center;
textbox1.Width = 150;
textbox1.Height = 300;
textbox1.FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.LightGray;
textbox1.StrokeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Black;
textbox1.HorizontalPosition = 0;
textbox1.StrokeWeight = 1;

TextBox textbox2 = new TextBox(doc);
textbox2.Body.Paragraphs[0].Format.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
textbox2.Format.TextAnchor = ShapeVerticalAlignment.Center;
textbox2.Body.Paragraphs[0].Format.TextAlignment = TextAlignment.Bottom;
textbox2.Width = 150;
textbox2.Height = 300;
textbox2.FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.LightGray;
textbox2.StrokeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Black;
textbox2.HorizontalPosition = 260;
textbox2.StrokeWeight = 1;

TextBox textbox3 = new TextBox(doc);
textbox3.Body.Paragraphs[0].Format.HorizontalAlignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
textbox3.Format.TextAnchor = ShapeVerticalAlignment.Center;
textbox3.Width = 150;
textbox3.Height = 300;
textbox3.FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.LightGray;
textbox3.StrokeColor = System.Drawing.Color.Black;
textbox3.HorizontalPosition = 520;
textbox3.StrokeWeight = 1;

//add textboxes to shape group as child objects

//add two line shapes to shape group
group.ChildObjects.Add(new Spire.Doc.Fields.ShapeObject(doc, ShapeType.Line)
    Width = 100,
    FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red,
    HorizontalPosition = 155,
    VerticalPosition = 150,
    StrokeWeight = 1,

group.ChildObjects.Add(new Spire.Doc.Fields.ShapeObject(doc, ShapeType.Line)
    Width = 100,
    FillColor = System.Drawing.Color.Red,
    HorizontalPosition = 415,
    VerticalPosition = 150,
    StrokeWeight = 1,

//save to file
doc.SaveToFile("output.docx", FileFormat.Docx2013);


Create Grids in PDF using Free API in C#


A grid or a table is a great way to present data into groups. Manual generation of grids can appear as a boring task one could rather prefer to be automated. As a part of this article, I’ll dive into details of automatic grid creation and generation and show how to create perfect grids using a few small pieces of C# code and free .NET PDF component as the main tool.

The component used for generating grids is a simple and tiny class library that helps programmers to process PDF files on .NET platform. A grid in the library is represented by the PdfGrid class, helping to automate the creation of tabulated data in PDF. Its rows are represented by the PdfGridRow objects and cells by the PdfGirdCell objects. Each of them has a Style property that allows us to format the gird elements easily.

The following sections will demonstrate:

  • How to create a simple grid
  • How to merge cells, format text and cells in grid
  • How to dynamically create a grid using the data exported from database

Part 1. Simple grid with uniform cells

Let’s create the document containing a simple grid with uniform cells, using the code below.

//create a pdf object, add a page
PdfDocument doc = new PdfDocument();
PdfPageBase page = doc.Pages.Add();
//create a 2x4 gird object 
PdfGrid grid = new PdfGrid();
grid.Style.CellPadding = new PdfPaddings(1, 1, 1, 1);
PdfGridRow row1 = grid.Rows.Add();
PdfGridRow row2 = grid.Rows.Add();
//set column width
foreach (PdfGridColumn col in grid.Columns)
    col.Width = 60f;
//insert data
for (int i = 0; i < grid.Columns.Count; i++)
    row1.Cells[i].Value = String.Format("col{0}", i+1);
    row2.Cells[i].Value = String.Format("{0}", i + 1);
//draw grid on pdf page
PdfLayoutResult result = grid.Draw(page, new PointF(10, 10));
//save document


Part 2. Grid with formatted cells, row spans and column spans

When creating a grid in a real PDF report, you may need to change the grid layout by merging certain cells or emphasize the important information by applying styles. The following code snippets will show you how to create an eye-catching and meaningful grid.

//create a pdf object, add a page
PdfDocument doc = new PdfDocument();
PdfPageBase page = doc.Pages.Add();
//create a 4x4 gird object 
PdfGrid grid = new PdfGrid();
grid.Style.CellPadding = new PdfPaddings(1, 1, 1, 1);
PdfGridRow row1 = grid.Rows.Add();
PdfGridRow row2 = grid.Rows.Add();
PdfGridRow row3 = grid.Rows.Add();
PdfGridRow row4 = grid.Rows.Add();
//set column width
foreach (PdfGridColumn col in grid.Columns)
    col.Width = 60f;
//insert data
row1.Cells[0].Value = "Orders and Payments";
row2.Cells[0].Value = "Order";
row2.Cells[1].Value = "Date";
row2.Cells[2].Value = "Customer";
row2.Cells[3].Value = "Paid";
row3.Cells[0].Value = "00223";
row3.Cells[1].Value = "02/06/2016";
row3.Cells[2].Value = "JDX Co., Ltd";           
row3.Cells[3].Value = "Yes";
row4.Cells[0].Value = "00224";
row4.Cells[1].Value = "03/06/2016";
row4.Cells[3].Value = "No";
//horizontally and vertically merge certain cells through ColumnSpan and RowSpan
row1.Cells[0].ColumnSpan = 4;
row3.Cells[2].RowSpan = 2;
//align text
row1.Cells[0].StringFormat = new PdfStringFormat(PdfTextAlignment.Center);
row3.Cells[2].StringFormat = new PdfStringFormat(PdfTextAlignment.Justify, PdfVerticalAlignment.Middle);
//set background color of cells
row1.Cells[0].Style.BackgroundBrush = PdfBrushes.Gray;
row3.Cells[3].Style.BackgroundBrush = PdfBrushes.Green;
row4.Cells[3].Style.BackgroundBrush = PdfBrushes.MediumVioletRed;
//set font style
row1.Style.Font = new PdfTrueTypeFont(new Font("Arial", 9f, FontStyle.Bold));
row2.Style.Font = new PdfTrueTypeFont(new Font("Aril", 8f));
row3.Style.Font = new PdfTrueTypeFont(new Font("Aril", 8f));
row4.Style.Font = new PdfTrueTypeFont(new Font("Aril", 8f));
//format cells border
PdfBorders borders = new PdfBorders();
borders.All = new PdfPen(Color.Black, 0.1f);
foreach (PdfGridRow pgr in grid.Rows)
    foreach (PdfGridCell pgc in pgr.Cells)
        pgc.Style.Borders = borders;
//draw grid on pdf page
PdfLayoutResult result = grid.Draw(page, new PointF(10, 10));
//save document


Part 3. Dynamically generate a grid from Access data

Often your application will pull data from a database and store it in the form of a DataTable. You may wish to easily insert this data into your document as a grid and quickly apply formatting to the whole grid. This part will demonstrate how to dynamically create a grid from Access data.

The MDB file looks as follows:

//create a pdf document object, insert a page
PdfDocument doc = new PdfDocument();
PdfPageBase page = doc.Pages.Add();
//initialize a pdf grid
PdfGrid grid = new PdfGrid();
grid.Style.CellPadding = new PdfPaddings(2, 2, 2, 2);
//export data from database to grid
DataTable dataTable = new DataTable(); 
DataTable newTable = new DataTable();
using (OleDbConnection conn = new OleDbConnection())
    conn.ConnectionString = @"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=demo.mdb";
    OleDbCommand command = new OleDbCommand();
        = " select Name, '' as Flag, Capital, Continent, Area, Population, Flag as FlagData from country ";
    command.Connection = conn;
    using (OleDbDataAdapter dataAdapter = new OleDbDataAdapter(command))
        newTable.Columns.RemoveAt(newTable.Columns.Count - 1); 
        grid.DataSource = newTable;//export data from data table to grid
//transfer binary flag data as images and insert them to grid cells
for (int i = 0; i < dataTable.Rows.Count; i++)
    PdfGridCellTextAndStyleList lst = new PdfGridCellTextAndStyleList();
    PdfGridCellTextAndStyle textAndStyle = new PdfGridCellTextAndStyle();
    byte[] imageData = dataTable.Rows[i][dataTable.Columns.Count - 1] as byte[];
    using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(imageData))
        textAndStyle.Image = PdfImage.FromStream(ms);
        textAndStyle.ImageSize = new SizeF(10f, 10f);
        textAndStyle.ContentAlign = PdfGridCellContentAndAlign.Center;
        grid.Rows[i].Cells[1].Value = lst;
        lst = null;
//format header
grid.Headers[0].Style.BackgroundBrush = PdfBrushes.Gray;
grid.Headers[0].Style.Font= new PdfTrueTypeFont(new Font("Arial", 9f, FontStyle.Bold));
foreach (PdfGridCell cell in grid.Headers[0].Cells)
    cell.StringFormat = new PdfStringFormat(PdfTextAlignment.Center,PdfVerticalAlignment.Middle);     
    cell.Style.TextBrush = PdfBrushes.White;
//set column width
foreach (PdfGridColumn col in grid.Columns)
    col.Width = 80f;          
//horizontally and vertically align text
for (int rowIndex = 0; rowIndex < grid.Rows.Count; rowIndex++)
    for (int i = 0; i < grid.Rows[rowIndex].Cells.Count; i++)
        grid.Rows[rowIndex].Cells[i].StringFormat= new PdfStringFormat(PdfTextAlignment.Center, PdfVerticalAlignment.Middle);
    //apply alternate style for odd and even rows
    if (rowIndex % 2 == 0)
        grid.Rows[rowIndex].Style.BackgroundBrush = PdfBrushes.LightYellow;
        grid.Rows[rowIndex].Style.BackgroundBrush = PdfBrushes.LightBlue;
//draw grid on pdf page
PdfLayoutResult result = grid.Draw(page, new PointF(10, 10));
//save document


Add SmartArt to Slide in C#

PowerPoint SmartArt is a special type of graphic object that gives you the ability to construct fancy graphical lists and diagrams in your slide quickly and easily. With just one click, you’re able to create a flow chart, an organization chart or a timeline in slide. This article gives you an example of how to add an organization chart to slide using Spire.Presentation with C#.

//create an instance of Presentation
Presentation ppt = new Presentation();

//set slide size
ppt.SlideSize.Type = SlideSizeType.Screen16x9;

//append an organization chart and specify position and size
ISmartArt smartArt = ppt.Slides[0].Shapes.AppendSmartArt(50, 50, 450, 250, SmartArtLayoutType.OrganizationChart);

//set the style and color of smartart
smartArt.Style = SmartArtStyleType.IntenceEffect;
smartArt.ColorStyle = SmartArtColorType.ColorfulAccentColors3to4;

//remove default notes (represent shape in smartart)
foreach (ISmartArtNode node in smartArt.Nodes)

//add nested shapes to smartart
ISmartArtNode node1 = smartArt.Nodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1 = node1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_1 = node1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_2 = node1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_3 = node1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_4 = node1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_5 = node1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_6 = node1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_1_1 = node1_1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_1_2 = node1_1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_1_3 = node1_1_1.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_3_1 = node1_1_3.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_3_2 = node1_1_3.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_6_1 = node1_1_6.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_6_2 = node1_1_6.ChildNodes.AddNode();
ISmartArtNode node1_1_6_3 = node1_1_6.ChildNodes.AddNode();

//add text to each shape
node1.TextFrame.Text = "Board of Directors";
node1_1.TextFrame.Text = "General Manager";
node1_1_1.TextFrame.Text = "Supply Department";
node1_1_2.TextFrame.Text = "Sales Department";
node1_1_3.TextFrame.Text = "Productive Department";
node1_1_4.TextFrame.Text = "Finance Department";
node1_1_5.TextFrame.Text = "HR Department";
node1_1_6.TextFrame.Text = "Quality Center";
node1_1_1_1.TextFrame.Text = "Purchase Department";
node1_1_1_2.TextFrame.Text = "Warehouse Manager";
node1_1_1_3.TextFrame.Text = "Logistics Department";
node1_1_3_1.TextFrame.Text = "Production Department";
node1_1_3_2.TextFrame.Text = "Maintenance Department";
node1_1_6_1.TextFrame.Text = "Production Quality Management";
node1_1_6_2.TextFrame.Text = "Production Safety Management";
node1_1_6_3.TextFrame.Text = "Environmental Management";

//save to file
ppt.SaveToFile("output.pptx", FileFormat.Pptx2013);



Insert Image and Formatted Text in Excel Header or Footer in C#

Excel header or footer, which presents information like page numbers, the creation date, the logo of your company, and even customized text, can be of use in printed worksheets. In this article, you’ll learn how to insert images and formatted text in Excel header or footer in C#.

This solution relies on Spire.XLS, an Excel processing library, which provides a PageSetup class to deal with all page setup settings. Specifically, it contains LeftHeader, CenterHeader, LeftHeaderImage, OddHeaderStringand similar properties that represent header/footer text, image, odd header/footer and even header/footer in Excel. Besides, this component provides some special script commands, which are used to get the dynamic value like page number or format the header or footer text.

Script D
&P The current page number
&N The total number of pages
&D The current data
&T The current time
&G A picture
&A The worksheet name
&F The file name
&B Make text bold
&I Italicize text
&U Underline text
&”font name” Represents a font name, for example, &”Aril”
&font size Represents font size, for example, &12
&K Represents font color, for example, &KFF0000

Insert Image to Header

  //create a word document
Workbook wb = new Workbook();

//get the first worksheet
Worksheet sheet = wb.Worksheets[0];

//load a pic to Image object
Image image = Image.FromFile("company-logo.jpg");

//scale the image
Bitmap bitmap = new Bitmap(image, new Size(image.Width / 4, image.Height / 4));

//insert image to left header
sheet.PageSetup.LeftHeaderImage = bitmap;
sheet.PageSetup.LeftHeader = "&G";

//save the file
wb.SaveToFile("Insert_Text_Footer.xlsx", ExcelVersion.Version2013);


Insert Formatted Text to Footer

 //create an object of Workbook class   
Workbook wb = new Workbook();

//get the first sheet  
Worksheet sheet = wb.Worksheets[0];

//format a string with script commands and assign it to CenterFooter   
sheet.PageSetup.CenterFooter = "&\"Arial\"&B&12&KFF0000Copyright © 2017 JMD. All Rights Reserved.";

//save the file
wb.SaveToFile("Insert_Text_Footer.xlsx", ExcelVersion.Version2013);